The History of Schoenhut Dolls


With the recognition of picket dolls that began in Europe notably in Germany, picket toy makers expanded throughout the globe. One of the well-known doll craftsmen in 1900s was Albert Schoenhut. He was a German immigrant who settled in Philadelphia and his ancestors had been already makers of picket dolls because the 1700s. Initially, Schoenhut handcrafted picket toys included animals and musical toys, then quickly after he began specializing in creating dolls. In 1911, he opened his enterprise in doll manufacturing. Mostly made of basswood, the dolls had been carved after which positioned into molds that had been fitted with stress and excessive warmth to create a easy texture and remove tough edges.

The course of that Schoenhut utilized created an virtually bisque look on his dolls. He nonetheless used the normal jointed legs and arms however he didn’t use rubber twine to carry it collectively. Instead, he patented his invention of metal spring hinge pressure technique of holding up the dolls’ joints. The technique offered flexibility and sturdiness whereby the dolls are poseable and on the similar time have moveable joints. The first few dolls that had been manufactured measured 16 inches tall and the pinnacle was designed by an Italian sculptor and artist named Graziano. Then an artist named Leslie was employed in 1912 to design the dolls however solely labored with the corporate till 1916.

Also in 1912 the brother of Albert, Harry Schoenhut, was additionally employed because the lead artist who then designed the brand new sequence of its dolls. In 1915, the corporate expanded and got here up with an toddler doll sequence which measured 14 and 17 inches tall. The dolls have now curved picket arms and already got here with both mohair or the molded hair. These had been distributed throughout United States and it got here in catalogs. The well-known two 15-inch toddler dolls with molded coiffure had been named Tootsie Wootsie and the opposite was Schcickel-Fritz.

Still in the identical yr, the corporate additionally manufactured mannequins for clothes merchandising and for clothes studios. They solely made 1000 items of these 19-inch tall mannequins which value $42 a dozen for the common ones and $66 a dozen for the clothed ones. Then the recognition of bisque dolls happened in 1919 whereby the Schoenhut adopted its options whereas nonetheless sustaining some of its unique traits resembling painted picket eyes that resembled glass eyes. In 1921, Harry patented the moveable picket eyes.

Yet across the time of the Great Depression, the corporate’s gross sales started to dwindle and partly additionally as a result of of newer dolls that got here in with lighter and higher supplies. In 1924, the Schoenhuts produced its final batch of stuffed dolls that had been made of hole picket heads however shoppers didn’t prefer it. By the yr 1935, the corporate was then liquidated since they weren’t in a position to sustain with rivals who had been principally into bisque and vinyl doll-making.


Source by Shannon Rae Treasure

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